Your question: What is the climate and vegetation of Guatemala?

The sierras are forested with oak and pine. In the volcanic highlands, stands of pine, fir, and oak have been largely destroyed except on the highest slopes. On the Pacific coastal plain, the landscape largely has been cleared of its tropical forest and savanna.

What is the vegetation of Guatemala?

The rough topography of the mountainous southern part of the country causes a highly diverse vegetation coverage ranging from mountain broadleaf forest, mountain coniferous forest, and subtropical humid forest in the highlands, arid thorn scrub in interior valleys, and tropical humid forest, tropical rainforest and …

What type of climate is in Guatemala?

Climate – Guatemala. In Guatemala, the climate is tropical, hot all year round in the lowlands, while in mountainous areas, it becomes cooler with increasing altitude.

What is the land like in Guatemala?

Only slightly larger than the U.S. state of Tennessee, Guatemala is a mountainous country with one-third of the population living in cool highland villages. The coastal lowlands are warm and humid. The country is bordered by Mexico, Honduras, El Salvador, and Belize.

How many seasons does Guatemala have?

Two seasons exist in Guatemala. Winter, or the rainy season, lasts from May to October. The skies are normally a mix of sunshine and clouds, and travelers to Guatemala can expect periodic short tropical downpours in the late afternoons, clearing for the evening.

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What rainforests are in Guatemala?

Guatemala’s ancient Mayan-Toltec name means “land of the trees.” Petén has Guatemala’s best examples of rainforests, most notably around Tikal, El Mirador, Uaxactún, and Yaxhá. The hillsides around Lake Petén Itzá also have some nice rainforests, particularly outside the town of San Andrés.

What is the climate and geography of Guatemala?

Guatemala has a tropical climate, and weather that is largely determined by geography and altitude. The highlands tend to be cooler than the coastal areas and lowlands. You’ll find comfortable spring-like temperatures in major cities like La Antigua, Guatemala City, and Quetzaltenango throughout much of the year.

What crops are grown in Guatemala?

The agricultural sector is a crucial component of Guatemala’s economy representing around 25% of the GDP and employing 50% of the labour force. The main crops are coffee, sugarcane, bananas and cotton, but also palm tree, celery, cauliflower and asparagus for a shorter period.

How does climate affect Guatemala?

Higher temperatures and more variable rainfall will increase the risk of food and water insecurity among the country’s most vulnerable. In addition to potentially exacerbating these adverse impacts, climate change will increase disaster risks in rapidly urbanizing areas with highly unstable physical infrastructure.

Are Guatemalans black?

1-2% of the Guatemalan population. Afro-Guatemalans are Guatemalans of African descent. Afro-Guatemalans comprise 1-2% of the population. … During the colonial period, African slaves were brought in, but have mixed with the general population and can be referred to them as Afro-mestizos.

What kind of animals live in Guatemala?

Guatemala Wildlife Beckons the Birders

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Some of the animals you may encounter on land include jaguars, pumas, howler monkeys, ocelots, wolves of prairie, coyotes, lizards, armadillos, iguanas and several species of serpents (oil lamp, chorale, mazacuate and yellow beard).

Does Guatemala have desert?

There are no deserts in Guatemala.