One amazing fact is the Costa Rica Military has been gone for nearly 70 years, since 1948. They have existed in peace despite civil wars and other conflicts experienced by most of its neighbors. … 1, 1948, by President Figueres Ferrer after he called together armed forces and won its civil war.
Does Costa Rica have a good army?
5. Costa Rica. There have been no armed forces in Costa Rica since 1949, but police forces are usually used for defense purposes. The country, which is often referred to as “Switzerland of Central America”, proclaimed its permanent and unarmed neutrality in 1983.
Why does Costa Rica have no military?
On the first of December in 1948, the then President of Costa Rica, José Figueres Ferrer, declared the end of the military force. This decision was made after a violent civil war stemmed from politics. This military abolition was added to the Costa Rican Constitution in Article 12 in 1949.
What is the current military situation in Costa Rica?
Even though it does not possess a standing military, Costa Rica does have extensive security forces meant to tackle internal issues of law and order. With a population of around 4.5 million, the country has a police force of approximately 10,000 officers, as well as a Civil Guard consisting of 4,500 troops.
How does Costa Rica defend itself?
So, Who Protects Costa Rica? Costa Rica maintains its military-free status and does not command any military units or house any war weapons. However, the country does maintain alliances with other countries, such as the United States, that can be expected assist in the event of war within Costa Rica.
Why is Costa Rica so peaceful?
Peace is a big part of the country’s ideology, and now with the awareness of global warming and the mass devastation of natural resources around the world, Costa Rica has become a leader in conservation and is actively preserving 27% of its extremely diverse rainforests and other primary and secondary growth forests.
What positive effect has having no army had on Costa Rica?
Having no standing military has resulted in a lot of savings for the country, which the government has reinvested in education, a social safety net, and health care. This is one of the reasons Costa Rica remains an icon of political and economic stability amidst the very unstable Central American region.