I would like to take this opportunity to give all parents and guardians a list of medications that are handy to have at home if you have or care for children between the ages of 2 and 5. As you already know, there is such a thing as a “big” three year old or a “small” three year old. So in some cases, the weight of a child is equally important, if not more important in how you should dose some medications.
READ THE WARNING SECTION FIRST
Before I start giving my list of recommended medications, I must remind you to read the warning section on the labels of these medications. If your child has any of the symptoms in the warning section, please follow the instructions given for those symptoms on the box. The following recommendations are for healthy children.
As with all over-the-counter medications, if your child is on a prescription medication, please ask your pharmacist if you can give these medications together.
One of my greatest fears regarding a child’s medication, is that parents are not reading the warning sections of medications. That being said, I feel the need to start off by stressing the fact that liquid Pepto-Bismol®, although it may be pink, should not be used for children. I have run into several parents who have stated that they give their child liquid Pepto-Bismol® when their child has diarrhea or a stomach ache. Liquid Pepto-Bismol® has an aspirin-type ingredient which may cause Reye’s Syndrome. Giving your child liquid Pepto-Bismol® is equivalent to giving them aspirin. Reye’s Syndrome is potentially fatal, and is caused by giving your child aspirin or medications that contain an aspirin derivative, such as liquid Pepto-Bismol®, if they have a viral infection.
RECOMMENDED MEDICATIONS FOR NAUSEA, GAS, CONSTIPATION & UPSET STOMACH
Here is a list of recommended medications for nausea, gas and constipation. *Nausea is the feeling of wanting to throw up.
Please review the article entitled Take 1 teaspoonful~What does this mean? which reviews how to measure doses of medications.
For nausea, I recommend Emetrol® or its generic equivalent: phosporated carbohydrate solution.
Emetrol® (phosphorated carbohydrate solution) ~ 2 to 5 year old child
Give 1 to 2 teaspoonfuls (5ml to 10ml) every 15 minutes until the nausea goes away, or up to a maximum of 5 doses
It is important not to give the child any other fluid 15 minutes before or after giving Emetrol®
If you suspect your 2 to 5 year old child has gas, I recommend Mylicon® or it’s generic equivalent: simethicone.
Mylicon® (simethicone) drops for your 2 to 5 year old child will be 0.6ml four times a day as needed. (Please use the measuring device that comes with the package)
Simethicone 80mg tablets will be to chew half a tablet four times a day as needed.
For constipation, I recommend 1 of 3 laxatives. You have a choice between glycerin suppositories, Milk of Magnesia®, or a pediatric enema.
Glycerin suppository (child-size)~ 2 to 5 year old child
Insert 1 child-size suppository rectally if needed.
Milk of Magnesia®~ 2 to 5 year old child
Give 1 tablespoonful (15ml) by mouth as one single dose, or in divided doses (for example 5ml three times a day) if being used as a laxative and only if needed.
Pediatric enema~ 2 to 5 year old child
Use one pediatric enema rectally if needed.
If your child has an upset stomach, I recommend Children’s Pepto Antacid® chewable tablets* or it’s generic equivalent: Children’s Calcium Carbonate 400mg chewable tablets*. The makers of Children’s Pepto Antacid® want you to give your child a dose based on their weight. I must reiterate, liquid Pepto-Bismol® is for adults.
Children’s Pepto Antacid® chewable tablets*~2 to 5 year old child between 24 to 47 pounds
Chew 1 tablet as needed but no more than 3 tablets for an entire day.
*Antacids, such as calcium carbonate, may interact with some prescription medications, so if your child is on a prescription medication, please check with your local pharmacist to make sure that calcium carbonate does not interact with your child’s prescription.
I decided to break up my recommendations into different categories because I do not want to overwhelm you with every possible symptom in one article. This article only covered medications for nausea, constipation, gas and upset stomach. I must remind you to read the warning section on the labels of these medications. If your child has any of the symptoms in the warning section, please follow the instructions given for those symptoms on the box. The above recommendations are for healthy children.
The next post will be on the various fever-reducers that are available for your 2 to 5 year old. I hope this information is useful to you and your family. Please feel free to comment on what else you would like me to post for you.
***I am not financially affiliated with any of the manufacturers of the medications listed in this article.