The Central American pine-oak forest ecoregion incorporates the central Chiapas state of Mexico, southern Guatemala, most of Honduras and El Salvador, and small areas of west central Nicaragua. … Pine-oak forests are found at altitudinal ranges that vary from 600 to 1,800 m above sea level (Harcourt & Sayer 1996).
What kind of trees grow in Guatemala?
The Spotted Coralroot Orchid. Guatemala’s flora includes many endemic orchids and commercially valuable fruit trees.
Native Plants Of Guatemala.
|Native Plants of Guatemala||Scientific Name|
|Caribbean Pine||Pinus caribaea|
|Flat-Leaved Vanilla||Vanilla planifolia|
|Ilama Fruit Tree||Annona diversifolia|
What type of vegetation does Guatemala have?
The rough topography of the mountainous southern part of the country causes a highly diverse vegetation coverage ranging from mountain broadleaf forest, mountain coniferous forest, and subtropical humid forest in the highlands, arid thorn scrub in interior valleys, and tropical humid forest, tropical rainforest and …
Do oak trees grow in Central America?
The Central American Pine-Oak Forests ecoregion supports a rich assortment of conifer species and spans across the mid elevations northern Central America. … These mixed forests are dominated by species of pine, oak, birch, and alder trees.
Does cedar grow in Guatemala?
Cupressus lusitanica, (cedro blanco; teotlate, distinctive names used in Mexico); cedro blanco means white cedar and is also known as Mexican white cedar or cedar-of-Goa, is a species of cypress native to Mexico and Central America (Guatemala, El Salvador and Honduras).
What is the national tree of Guatemala?
Ceiba is also the national tree of Guatemala. The most important Ceiba in Guatemala is known as La Ceiba de Palín Escuintla which is over 400 years old.
What plants are grown in Guatemala?
The agricultural sector is a crucial component of Guatemala’s economy representing around 25% of the GDP and employing 50% of the labour force. The main crops are coffee, sugarcane, bananas and cotton, but also palm tree, celery, cauliflower and asparagus for a shorter period.
What kind of forests are in Guatemala?
FAO, 33.7% or about 3,657,000 ha of Guatemala is forested, according to FAO. Of this 44.3% ( 1,619,000 ) is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest.
Guatemala Forest Information and Data.
|Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)||1619||44|
|Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)||173||5|
What is Guatemala famous for?
Guatemala is best known for its volcanic landscape, fascinating Mayan culture and the colorful colonial city of Antigua, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. But this small Central American country has a wealth of homegrown produce and talent.
What predators live in Guatemala?
Some of the animals you may encounter on land include jaguars, pumas, howler monkeys, ocelots, wolves of prairie, coyotes, lizards, armadillos, iguanas and several species of serpents (oil lamp, chorale, mazacuate and yellow beard).
What trees are native to Central America?
The central mountains and highlands of Central America are cooler than the coastal lowlands, and the vegetation there is mainly deciduous hardwood trees such as walnut, pine, and oak. The eastern slopes of the mountains have abundant rainfall.
What countries are Central American?
Countries in Central America:
- El Salvador.
- Costa Rica.
Are there pine trees in Guatemala?
oocarpa is a coniferous tree native to El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, and Nicaragua. It is the national tree of Guatemala and is the most common pine species found in southern Mexico and Central America. The tree can grow to 35m in height and grows best in areas with deep soil and high annual rainfall.
What are cypress trees?
Cypress is a common name for various coniferous trees or shrubs of northern temperate regions that belong to the family Cupressaceae. The word cypress is derived from Old French cipres, which was imported from Latin cypressus, the latinisation of the Greek κυπάρισσος (kyparissos).
Where do Spanish cedar trees grow?
Spanish Cedar or Cedrela odorata is native to Central and South America. Thompson Mahogany Company also stocks a plantation farm grown Plantation Spanish Cedar (also Cedrela odorata) from Africa. This material is grown on tree plantations in Ghana, Ivory Coast, and to a lesser extent, Cameroon.
Do cypress trees grow in Mexico?
comparison with bald cypress
The closely related Montezuma, or Mexican, cypress (T. mucronatum) is native to the southwestern U.S., Mexico, and Guatemala. It is generally considered to be a separate species and is distinguished from the bald cypress by its shorter, persistent leaves and larger cones.