It survived natural disasters of floods, volcanic eruptions and other serious tremors until 1773 when the Santa Marta earthquakes destroyed much of the town. At this point, authorities ordered the relocation of the capital to a safer location region, which became Guatemala City, the county’s modern capital.
When did Antigua stop being the capital of Guatemala?
After being destroyed by a series of earthquakes in 1773, the city was abandoned in favor of what is now Guatemala City, although not everyone left. Today, it is one of Guatemala’s top visitor destinations.
Why did the capital of Guatemala change?
Guatemala City was founded in 1776 to replace Antigua Guatemala, which had been virtually destroyed by an earthquake in 1773, as the capital of the captaincy general of Guatemala. … The modern city was largely rebuilt after the disastrous earthquakes of 1917–18, which shook the city intermittently for six weeks.
Why did they have to move the capital of Guatemala a few times?
The capital of the Spanish Captaincy General of Guatemala, covering most of modern Central America, was moved here after a series of earthquakes — the Santa Marta earthquakes that started on July 29, 1773 — destroyed the old capital, Antigua.
Did Antigua used to be the capital of Guatemala?
Antigua Guatemala, a city in the central highlands of Guatemala, has a long history of disasters. Originally called Santiago de los Caballeros de Guatemala, it was the country’s first capital, founded in 1524.
What volcano destroyed Antigua Guatemala?
Founded as Santiago de los Caballeros de Guatemala in 1527, it was destroyed by an eruption that swept down from the slopes of Volcán de Agua (“Volcano of Water”). The village that became reestablished on the site came to be called Ciudad Vieja (“Old City”).
Is Antigua and Guatemala the same?
Antigua (not to be confused with the island that is part of the Caribbean nation of Antigua and Barbuda) served as the capital of Guatemala until it was flattened by an earthquake in 1773, but the city was rebuilt and today it’s the highlight of any trip to Central America.
What is the capital city of Guatemala called?
Four volcanoes make up this region’s sector of a seismic spine that runs the width of Guatemala from the Mexican to Salvadoran borders, forming a ridge between the highlands and the Pacific lowlands.
Are there 2 antiguas?
Antigua and Barbuda is an independent country, which is divided into two islands, Antigua and Barbuda and it is part of the commonwealth.
What is the capital city of Guatemala and how did it become the capital?
Guatemala City is the site of the Mayan city of Kaminaljuyu, founded around 1500 BC. Following the Spanish conquest, a new town was established, and in 1776 it was made capital of the Kingdom of Guatemala.
|Guatemala City Ciudad de Guatemala|
How old is Antigua Guatemala?
The distance between Antigua Guatemala and Monterrico Beach is 79 km. The road distance is 110.1 km.
Is Antigua modern?
In 1981, the islands were granted independence as the modern state of Antigua and Barbuda.
Who founded the city of Antigua?
Founded by Spanish conquistadors in the early 16th century, Antigua served as the capital of Guatemala for more than 230 years until the modern-day capital was established in Guatemala City.