Before the Spanish colonial period, El Salvador was inhabited by a sizeable indigenous population. These groups included Lenca, Maya Chorti, Maya Pocomam, Cacopera/Kakawira and Nahua Pipil. Some, like the Lenca, occupied a large territory that also encompassed present day Honduras.
Who are the indigenous people in El Salvador?
The largest most dominant Native Salvadoran groups in El Salvador are the Lenca people and Pipil people followed by small enclaves of Maya peoples: (Poqomam people/Chorti people), Cacaopera people, Xinca people, Alaguilac people, Mixe people, Mangue language people, as well as an Olmec past.
Are Salvadorans Mayans or Aztecs?
Some say they were Mayan, others say they were Aztec. However, it is known that the Olmecs lived and traded in the western provinces in about 2000 BC, as evidenced by the archaeological sites which include stepped-pyramid temples, ball courts and paved plazas.
What are the main ethnic groups in El Salvador?
Ethnic groups. Out of the 6,408,111 people in El Salvador, 86.3% are Mestizo, 12.7% are European, 1% Indigenous, 0.8% Afro-Salvadorans, and 0.64% other.
Are El Salvadorans Indians?
El Salvador has a large population of people who call themselves Indians. These people have been stripped of practically everything they once had: their lands, much of their native culture, their language, their autonomy, and even their sense of self-worth.
Who are the 14 families of El Salvador?
The Fourteen Families “las catorce familias” is a reference to the oligarchy which controlled most of the land and wealth in El Salvador during the 19th and 20th centuries with names including de Sola, Llach, Hill, Meza-Ayau, Duenas, Dalton, Guerrero, Regalado, Quinonez, and Salaverria.
What race is a Salvadoran person?
The majority of Salvadorans ethnically identify as mestizo, which is a term that refers to mixed European (de facto Spanish) and Amerindian ancestry.
Is Pipil a Mayan?
Pipil family in Sonsonate, El Salvador. … The Pipil are an indigenous Mesoamerican peoples inhabiting parts of the present-day region known as El Salvador, which they referred to as “Cuscatlán”. They are also known as “Nahuas”.
Are Pipil people Aztec?
The Pipil (descendants of the Aztecs), the predominant tribe in the region prior to the Spanish conquest, named their territory and capital Cuscatlán, meaning “Land of the Jewel”; the name is still sometimes applied to El Salvador today.
What ancient civilization lived in El Salvador?
The first civilization was the Lenca people, who built towns and cities in the area. Then came the first major civilization to develop in Central America, the Olmecs. They ruled over southern Mexico and Guatemala but also spread into western El Salvador.
Who colonized El Salvador?
The Spanish conquest and colonization of El Salvador began in 1524 with the arrival of an expedition from Guatemala led by Pedro de Alvarado.
How many indigenous languages are in El Salvador?
When speaking about indigenous languages in El Salvador, we have to take into account that there are three indigenous peoples in this country, Náhua Pipil, Lenca and Kakawira. They have their own characteristics, but they cooperate at the national level.
Is Salvadoran Spanish different from Mexican Spanish?
Although there are regional differences, both Salvadorans and Mexicans use similar Spanish dialects, with a large number of regional shared words.