When did Antigua stop being the capital of Guatemala?

After being destroyed by a series of earthquakes in 1773, the city was abandoned in favor of what is now Guatemala City, although not everyone left. Today, it is one of Guatemala’s top visitor destinations.

Why is Antigua no longer the capital of Guatemala?

It survived natural disasters of floods, volcanic eruptions and other serious tremors until 1773 when the Santa Marta earthquakes destroyed much of the town. At this point, authorities ordered the relocation of the capital to a safer location region, which became Guatemala City, the county’s modern capital.

How many years was Antigua the capital of Guatemala?

Founded in the early 16th century, it served as Guatemala’s capital for almost 300 years, until 1773, when it was abandoned by crown officials following a series of devastating volcanic eruptions, earthquakes and floods.

When did the capital of Guatemala change?

The capital of Spanish colonial Central America was moved there on January 2, 1776, after several earthquakes destroyed the old capital, Antigua Guatemala, in 1773-1774.

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When did the city of Antigua Guatemala collapse?

Founded as Santiago de los Caballeros de Guatemala in 1527, it was destroyed by an eruption that swept down from the slopes of Volcán de Agua (“Volcano of Water”).

In what year did the Spanish founded Antigua?

History of Antigua and Barbuda. Antigua was visited in 1493 by Christopher Columbus, who named it for the Church of Santa Maria de la Antigua in Sevilla, Spain. It was colonized by English settlers in 1632 and remained a British possession although it was raided by the French in 1666.

Are there 2 antiguas?

Antigua and Barbuda is an independent country, which is divided into two islands, Antigua and Barbuda and it is part of the commonwealth.

When was Antigua Guatemala built?

Antigua Guatemala is a beautiful colonial city that was founded in the early 16th century by the Spaniards. Built 1,500 meters above sea level in the highlands of Guatemala, it was largely destroyed by an earthquake in 1773, but many of the original monuments are still preserved as ruins.

Who founded the city of Antigua?

Founded by Spanish conquistadors in the early 16th century, Antigua served as the capital of Guatemala for more than 230 years until the modern-day capital was established in Guatemala City.

What is the capital city of Guatemala and how did it become the capital?

Guatemala City is the site of the Mayan city of Kaminaljuyu, founded around 1500 BC. Following the Spanish conquest, a new town was established, and in 1776 it was made capital of the Kingdom of Guatemala.

Guatemala City.

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Guatemala City Ciudad de Guatemala
Country Guatemala
Department Guatemala
Established 1776

How did Guatemala City became the capital?

The city was completely destroyed by the Spanish king Charles III in 1775 and moved to its present location. In 1821, as a result of the declaration of independence of Spain from Central America, the city became the capital of Guatemala.

What was Antigua Guatemala once called?

Antigua Guatemala, a city in the central highlands of Guatemala, has a long history of disasters. Originally called Santiago de los Caballeros de Guatemala, it was the country’s first capital, founded in 1524.

How many volcanoes cover the city of Antigua Guatemala?

Four volcanoes make up this region’s sector of a seismic spine that runs the width of Guatemala from the Mexican to Salvadoran borders, forming a ridge between the highlands and the Pacific lowlands.

Is Antigua and Guatemala the same?

Antigua (not to be confused with the island that is part of the Caribbean nation of Antigua and Barbuda) served as the capital of Guatemala until it was flattened by an earthquake in 1773, but the city was rebuilt and today it’s the highlight of any trip to Central America.